NER10 X-Ray generator

I’ve bough from eBay a NER10 X-Ray generator tube. It was build in 1925-1930 I don’t know exactly when. It’s interesting to see how well made it is also, It’s massive and big in size and weight.

NER10 x-ray generation tube

I’ve no datasheet of this tube. Everything I know about this tube, I learned on this video

Der Floureszenzschirm befindet sich hinter dem Pappschirm.
Das Bild wird von dem quadratischen Spiegel (mit rotem Rand) wiedergegeben.
Diese Anordnung hat den Vorteil,daß die Kamera auf der nicht ganz so strahlenverseuchten Seite der Röhre stehen kann.
Die Röhre ist eine Phönix Radion Ner10,etwa 1925-1930 hergestellt.
Der Anodenstrom beträgt im Video etwa 3mA (bis 7mA sind möglich,allerdings geht dann die Spannung in die Knie) bei einer Spannung von etwa 50kV.
Der Heizstrom harmoniert am besten mit dem Hochspannungsteil (Röhrenwiderstand) bei etwa 2,8A.
Die Anodenspannung wird mit einem AC-Zeilentrafo,welcher von einer ZVS-Schaltung getrieben wird,und einer nachgeschalteten Kaskade erzeugt.
Die Kaskade ist in einem PVC-Rohr mit Ölfüllung untergebracht.Die Dioden der Kaskade vertragen einen Strom von 10mA@20kV;
die Kondensatoren haben eine Kapazität von 1nF und eine Spannungsfestigkeit von 15kV. 
Das ganze Teil sollte in einem Steampunk-Bakelit-Holz-1930er Jahre-Design rüberkommen.
Darum habe ich bewust diese alten Drehschalter verwendet.
Das obere Amperemeter zeigt den Röhrenstrom in mA an,das untere den Heizstrom in A

I don’t speek german but I think Google traducer made a good job:

The fluorescent screen is located behind the cardboard umbrella.
The image is reproduced by the square mirror (with red border). 
This arrangement has the advantage that the camera can stand on the not so sun-contaminated side of the tube.
The tube is a Phoenix Radion Ner10, made about 1925-1930.
The anode current in the video is about 3mA (up to 7mA are possible, but then the voltage goes to the knee) at a voltage of about 50kV.
--> IT NEED 50kV Nice!!!
The heating current harmonizes best with the high voltage part (tube resistance) at about 2.8A.
The anode voltage is generated with an AC line transformer driven by a ZVS circuit and a downstream cascade.
The cascade is housed in a PVC pipe with oil filling. The diodes of the cascade tolerate a current of 10mA @ 20kV;
the capacitors have a capacity of 1nF and a dielectric strength of 15kV.
The whole piece was supposed to come in a steampunk bakelite wood 1930s design.
That's why I've deliberately used these old rotary switches.
The upper ammeter indicates the tube current in mA, the lower the heating current in A.

This is the Anode, the corroded point is where electrons hits the metal and generates xray’s

The copper anode and the hole

The copper anode and the hole where the filament heats up.

Let we see the marks on the tube


The cathode socket with two wires soldered by me

Cathode socket

Anode is made of turned steel or maybe copper plated steel?

PRT-E750W & PRT-E1500W vfd settings

How to set correctly the PRT-E750W and PRT-E1500W  (are equals except for the power capability) VFD supplied with CNC 3020 and CNC 6040 chinese routers. Click to download: PRT-E1500W vfd settings

This is the CNC 6040 Setup for Mach3 by David Parish.

I’ve found that the two files are missing an important note. After factory reset the VFD with D001 to 1 and D176 to 1, will appare the word “Load” into the display. The reset is complete in few seconds. Now to continue the setup procedure you must set D001 to 1 again. D001 tells the controller that settings modify is enable. Without doing this you cannot modify any other setting.

This is the VFD controller.

This video shows how to change one of the setting of the controller, specifically one of the spindle settings that make it accept 400Hz PWM power drive.

Radioactive sources

This is my actual collection of radioactive sources.

Thorium Kodak lens

Kodak had made some 35mm analog film models of cameras (1950-1970) like Retina IIIc, with thoriated lens. This example is a Retina-Xenon made with thoriated glass. It could be 30% by weight of thorium oxide

This is the gamma emission spectrum of the lens. I’ve switched from Theremino MCA to BecqMoni2011 software because it is far away better. I’ve obtained this spectrum. R6095 Hamamatsu PMT @ 700V  CCCP NaI(Ti) 30x30mm

Kodak Retina IIIc thoriated lens, gamma ray spectrum

Mine STS-6 geiger counter one centimeter in front of the lens count aprox. 180 CPM It emit mainly gamma’s and betas… but nothing dangerous for the photographer.

Thoriated welding rods (red for TIG)

Thoriated welding rods for TIG application is a very common and secure radioactive source. You could find the rods at local hardware store. Usualy they are 98% tungsten + 2% thorium by weight. Emission of gamma rays are low, barely over natural background. on the STS-6 geiger counter three rods add 20-30 CPM on the natural background. It mainly emit beta plus some little gamma.

I’ve switched from Theremino MCA to BecqMoni2011 software because it is far away better. I’ve obtained the (blue color) spectrum for the TIG welding rods. The black spectrum is from the thoriated Kodak Retina IIIc lens. Please notice thet the two spetrums are very similar except for a very low energy X Ray peak emitted by interaction between tungsten and thorium.  R6095 Hamamatsu PMT @ 700V  CCCP NaI(Ti) 30x30mm


Pechblende uranium ore from Novazza mine

This sample of pechblende is from the biggest mine of uranium in Italy. And in Italy mines are 2… maybe 3 🙂 lol! It come’s from Novazza. The STS-6 counts… 14-16000CPM!!! And SV500 with beta+gamma window opened is in the range of 10-12mRad/h. I store it into a lead enclosure with 5mm thik walls. It’s main emission is… everythink! There is a lot of alpha, A LOT of beta and some cool gamma.

I’ve switched to BecqMoni2011 software because it is far away better that Theremino MCA and I’ve obtained this spectrum

It’s look is beautiful! Theremino MCA look very bad in comparison. If you wish to play with it , uraninite the recorded spectrum XML file to be used with BecqMoni2011 software. R6095 Hamamatsu PMT @ 700V  CCCP NaI(Ti) 30x30mm

Autunite specimen from china

This highly active uranium ore was bought from China. It is extremly active! You can find a dedicate page to it into this website.

Autunite specimen

Americium from ionization chamber

You can buy (1.5-2€) from china this little device: an ionization chamber!

It contain some uCurie of americium radioisotope wich emit alpha and some gamma ray. My SV500 placed with beta+gamma window opened fell it like a 1mRad/h source. The main emission of the americium sample is alpha rays but it emit some 59keV gamma rays too.

Please note that if handled correctly, objects manufacted with radioactive isotopes into methal alloy or paint are not dangerous, anyway there are some exception. Eating or breathing radioactive isotopes is dangerous. Don’t pulverize or eat radioactive ores or objects containing radioactive isotopes. Natural radioactive ores could be dangerous if their size are big (emission intensity grow with quantity of emitting material) and if their composition activity is high. Please consider testing natural ores with a calibrated geiger counter in order to ceck it’s activity (must be less than few milliRad/h). Store highly active material into lead shielded enclosures in a secure place.